MS-2: Body Fluid Homeostasis: Cardiovascular

August 15, 2022-September 16, 2022
24 half days

Course Director
Jenifer Lee, MD
Department of Medicine

Course Description

The Cardiovascular course is the first in a sequence of three courses (CV, Renal, Pulmonary) which focus on Body Fluid Homeostasis.

Course Goals:

  1. To understand normal cardiac anatomy, cardiovascular physiology, and cardiac electrophysiology.
  2. To gain a basic comprehension of common pathophysiological conditions which affect the cardiovascular system.
  3. To know the mechanisms of action and clinical uses of common-cardiovascular medications.
  4. To learn the physical findings, clinical presentation, diagnostic tools and basic treatments used in the management of cardiovascular disease.

Educational Methods

Educational methods are summarized below. The APE cardiovascular physical diagnosis sessions are taught using a computer-based cardiac ascultation simulation software.

  • Lectures
  • Web-based module
  • Problem-based learning
  • Blaufuss CD-ROM
  • Small-group workshops 
  • Self-study


Evaluation for this course is based on two examinations: 1) the midterm exam counts toward 30% of the final course grade 2) the final exam accounts for 50% of the final grade.  In addition, small group workshop attendance accounts for 20% of the total grade.

The percentage breakdown for the Organ Systems Pathophysiology Block, Section 2 is as follows:: Cardiovascular (44%), Renal (28%), Pulmonary (28%). Grading for this block is Satisfactory or Unsatisfactory.

Faculty Note

Course Director Jenifer Lee, MD, is a recipient of the Excellence in Education Award for Small Group Facilitator. William DeGroat, MD is a recipient of the Kenneth E. Schuit Master Educator Award. In addition, Drs. DeGroat; Donald DeFranco, PhD; William Follansbee, MD; Joan Lakowski, PhD; Jenifer Lee, MD; and William McIvor, MD, are members of the UPSOM Academy of Master Educators.